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Hangzhou

Hangzhou

Hangzhou, the captial of Zhejiang Province, is the provincial center in economy, culture, science and education, and the key city of Yangze River Delta. It is a famous city in history and culture and also an important national tourist city.

The following video is made by Cheng Fang

 Historical Vicissitudes

As early as over 5000 years ago, there were human beings multiplying and living in Hangzhou are, creating Liangzhu Culture which was known as “the Dawn of Civilization”. Hangzhou, one fo the seven ancient capitals of China, was the capital of Wuyue State, of the Five-Dynasties and also the capital of the Southern Song Dynasty. In the 13th century, the Italian traveler Macro Polo admired Hangzhou as “the Most Splendid and Luxurious City in the World”. In the 16th year of the Republic of China (1927), Hangzho County was dismantled and Hangzhou was founded as a city. Hangzhou was liberated on May 3rd, 1949, thus began to write its new chapter of development in history.

 Natural Geography

Hangzhou locates at the south of the Yangze River Delta and the Grand Canal. The geographic position of the city is latitude 30°16’ north and longitude 120°12’ east. Hangzhou owns the natural environment integrating rivers, lakes and hills. The hilly area of the city accounts for 65.6% of the total; the plain accounts for 26.4%; river, lakes, ponds and reservoirs account for 8.0%. The world’s longest artificial cannel named the Great Cannel and the Qingtang River with magnificent view of tidal bore are passing through the city.

 Climate

Hangzhou has a subtropical monsoon climate with for distinct seasons. It is warm and humid with sufficient sunshine and plentiful rainfall. Spring and autumn are short, winter and summer are long. Recent 5 years, its average annual temperature was 17.3℃。

Economic & Competitiveness

In the rank of 18 metropolitan regions in China, the comprehensive competitiveness of Hangzhou metropolitan region arranged in fourth after Shanghai, Guangzhou and Beijing. It ranked No.1 in “Best Commercial Cities in Chinese Mainland” by Forbes, reelected “China’s happiest cities’ for ten consecutive years, and being titled China’s top ten Creative City, China’s top ten Dynamic City, top Low-carbon City, the highest honor of the model city of Chinese people’s livelihood development, the best image of Chinese city.

Culture Undertakings

By the end of 2015, the total floor space of public cultural facilities in Hangzhou reached 26.90 square meters per 100 regular residents. There were 15 public libraries with 17 million books. 10 mini 24-hour self-service libraries were newly set up in the densest places in the urban area. Additionally, there were 15 cultural stations, 87 museums, 20 theatres, 2 concert halls ,and 39 state-level protection sites of cultural relics in the city.

Cuisines Culture

Hangzhou is a culinary paradise with a large number of delicious dishes, and behind these dishes, there is always a beautiful story linked with a historic figure in Hangzhou. As a branch of Zhejiang Cuisine, one of the Eight Great Cuisines of China, Hang Bang Cai or Hangzhou Cuisine is characterized by freshness and sweetness. Most of the ingredients to prepare Hangzhou Cuisine are related with West Lake, like lotus root, West Lake water shield etc.

Night Life

As a modern metropolis, the nightlife of Hangzhou is vigorous and fascinating. After daytime excursions to lakes and mountains in Hangzhou, tourists can wholly relax at night. Hangzhou is like a melting pot assimilating various cultures from various countries. As the typical representative of rich culture, pubs & bars here are enchanting and fascinating to many tourists. There are all kinds of pubs and bars matching the tastes of all different tourists, mainly gathering in Nanshan Road and Hubin Road.

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